Expatriatism in Khaled Hosseini's The Kite Runner and Mohsin Hamid's The Reluctant Fundamentalist

  • Zohreh Ramin University of Tehran
  • Ilham Ward University of Tehran
Keywords: Democratic Criticism, Diasporic Figure, Expatriatism, Metropolis, Identity, Orientalism


The September 11 attacks were world-changing events. Contemporary historians divide the history of the modern world into pre- and post-9/11. The metropolitan reaction was controversial. The Metropolis united against what is dubbed "the axis of evil." It attacked an array of Islamic nations. Mohsin Hamid's The Reluctant Fundamentalist (2007) and Khaled Hosseini’s The Kite Runner (2003) portrayed two Muslim expatriates from Pakistan and Afghanistan who experienced post-9/11 America firsthand. The protagonists presented two distinct understandings of extremism and fundamentalism. This article employed Said's (2003) theories to analyze the concepts of “the diasporic figure” against the backdrop of “the metropolitan society.” It argues that the cultural, political, religious, and social conflicts between the diasporic figure and the metropolitan society are shaped by Orientalist narratives. The novels depict various aspects of the diasporic identity. They try to negotiate between several conflicting narratives. However, Orientalism defines the frameworks of these conflicts because these conflicts and resulting confusions are rooted in the long history of metropolitan Orientalism.


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How to Cite
Ramin, Z., & Ward, I. (2024). Expatriatism in Khaled Hosseini’s The Kite Runner and Mohsin Hamid’s The Reluctant Fundamentalist. K@ta: A Biannual Publication on the Study of Languange and Literature, 26(1), 25-37. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.9744/kata.26.1.25-37