The Encoding / Decoding Model on Keats’s “Ode on a Grecian Urn” as a Thing

  • Hussein Salimian Rizi University of Vienna
  • Pyeaam Abbasi University of Isfahan
Keywords: Stuart Hall, Keats, encoding, decoding, thingness, Grecian urn.


John Keats, a main figure in the second generation of Romantic poets, was not generally well received by his contemporary critics, though during the course of time, he has become one of the most beloved poets. Stuart Hall proposes an analytical model of communication, namely the encoding / decoding model, which assumes a complex structure of relations to be produced and sustained through linked but distinctive moments which are termed as production, circulation, distribution/ consumption, and reproduction. This paper employs Hall’s encoding / decoding communication model as a yardstick to move beyond his approach, which mainly addresses modern mass media and communication system, and relate the distinctive moments playing integrally in encoding and decoding to Keats’s Ode on a Grecian Urn (1819). Furthermore, there is an attempt to turn the spotlight on the ode’s durability after the French Revolution passions abate and the poem starts to gain its thingness.


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Author Biographies

Hussein Salimian Rizi, University of Vienna
M.A in Anglophone Literatures and Cultures, Deoartment of English and American Studies
Pyeaam Abbasi, University of Isfahan
Assistant professor of English literature, Faculty of Foreign Languages, University of Isfahan


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