Women and Pleasure in Guillaume Apollinaire’s Calligram Collection Poèmes à Lou

  • Eva Agustin Institut Français-Indonesien Surabaya, INDONESIA
  • Wening Udasmoro Universitas Gadjah Mada, INDONESIA
Keywords: Women, pleasure, apollinaire, calligrame, poeme

Abstract

This article attempted to examine the connections between poetry and the constructions of women and pleasure emphasized by the author. The works examined were those of Guillaume Apollinaire, a famous French poet whose calligramatic poetry collections specifically positioned women as objects of pleasure. Most interestingly, in Apollinaire's poetry, the depiction of women as objects of pleasure through connotative symbols that could only be given significance by decoding the highly cultural meanings contained in the connotative symbols. The theory of the male gaze was used here to examine how visual pleasure had been operated by the poet. Meanwhile, semiotics had been used to decode the calligrammatic aspects of Apollinaire's poems. This research found that symbols of exoticism, reproduction, and fantastic pleasures were utilized by Apollinaire in his poetry to emphasize his dominance of women by positioning them as objects of pleasure.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Amadieu, J.B. (2004). La littérature Française au XIX e siècle mise àl’indexe. Paris: Collection Cerf Patrimoines.

Aquien, M. (1993). Dictionnaire de poétique (pp. 72-73). Paris: Librairie Générale Française.

Hein, C. (2006). Laura Mulvey, Visual pleasure and narrative cinema. Norderstedt: Grin

Baudelaire, C and Aggeler, W. (trans.). (1954). The flowers of evil. Fresno: Academy Library Guild

Mulvey, L. (1999). “Visual pleasure and narrative cinema”. Film theory and criticism: Introduc¬tory readings. Eds. Leo Braudy and Marshall Cohen. New York: Oxford UP

Berger, AA. (1989). Sign in contemporary culture: An introduction to semiotics. Pensylvania: Sheffield Publishing Company

Black, N.S., Marcia-Lees, F.E. (2000). Gender and anthropology. Long Grove, Illinois: Waveland Press, Inc.

Culler, J. (1981). The pursuit of signs semiotics, lite¬ra-ture, deconstruction. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.

Djokosujatno, A [Ed.] dkk. (2003). Wanita dalam ke-susastraan Prancis. Magelang: Penerbit Yayasan Indonesiatera.

Eco, U. (1976). A theory of semiotics. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.

Guiraud, P. (1973). La sémiologie. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France.

Hollows, J. (2010). Feminisme, femininitas, dan budaya populer. Yogyakarta: Jalasutra.

Oster, D. (2001). Guillaume Apollinaire. Paris: Seghers Poètes d’aujourd’hui.

Pradopo, R.J. (2011). Prinsip-prinsip kritik sastra.. Yogyakarta: Gadjah Mada University Press.

Pradopo, R.J. (2007). Beberapa teori sastra, metode kritik, dan penerapannya. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.

Pradopo, R.J. (2005). Pengkajian puisi. Yogyakarta: Gadjah Mada University Press.

Pia, P. (1954). Apollinaire. écrivains de toujours. éditions du Seuil.

Prabasmoro, A.P. (2006). Kajian budaya feminis tubuh, sastra, dan budaya pop. Yogyakarta: Jalasutra.

Riffaterre, M. (1978). Semiotics of poetry. Bloo¬mington-London: Indiana University Press.

Udasmoro, W. (2014). Pengantar gender dalam sastra. Yogyakarta: Unit Penerbitan Fakultas Ilmu Budaya Universitas Gadjah Mada.

Wolf, N. (2002). The beauty myth. New York: Harper Collins.
Published
2019-01-03