Consistency of Hemispheric Accuracy in Inferring Sentences and Dialogs
AbstractBroca’s and Wernicke’s discovery concerning brain language function remains debatable. The research questions: a) Is there a significant difference of accuracy among the rh, the lh, and the rh-lh in inferring auditory sentences? b) Which hemisphere shows the highest accuracy? and c) Do the rh, lh and rh-lh show consistent hemispheric accuracy when inferring sentences and short dialogs? The research results are useful for clarifying controversies against brain language function and as a foundation of ”hemispheric-based listening”. This study employed Behavioral Test with Post-test Only design. Sample involved 120 students. Data were collected through a test and analyzed with Two-way Anova. It is found that the hemispheric accuracy among the rh, lh and rh-lh in inferring auditory sentences is significantly different; the lh shows the highest accuracy in inferring auditory sentences; and the rh, lh and rh-lh show inconsistent hemispheric accuracy when inferring sentences and short dialogs.
Arifuddin. (2005). The hemispheric accuracy of English education students of University of Mataram in identifying the topics of associated English words groups. Unpublished master thesis, State Teacher Training Institute of Singaraja, Bali.
Boysson-Bardies, B. (1999). How language comes to children. London: A Bradford Book.
Brown, H. D. (1987). Principles of language learning and teaching. New Jersey: Prentice-Hall.
Campbell, N., & Reece, J. B. (2002). Biology (6th ed.). San Francisco: Pearson Education.
Chudler, E. (2007). Brain and communication. Retrieved March 5, 2007, from http://library.thinkquest.org/26451/contents/spokenword/thebrainandcommunication.htm
Dardjowidjojo, S. (2003). Psikolinguistik: Pengantar pemahaman bahasa manusia. (Psycholinguistics: An Introduction to the understanding of human language). Jakarta: Yayasan Obor Indonesia.
Djajasudarma, F. (2004). Kerusakan bahasa dan otak manusia. (The impairment of language and human brain). Retrieved August 4, 2005, from http://www.lemlit.unpad.ac.id/i.
Dryden, G., & Vos, J. (2001). Revolusi cara belajar. (The learning style revolution). (Ward & Translation Service, Trans.). California: Jalmar Press.
Feldman, R. S. (1996). Understanding psychology. USA: McGraw-Hill.
Friederici, A. D., Cramon, D. Y., & Kotz, S. A. (1999). Language related brain potentials in patients with cortical and subcortical left hemisphere lesions. Brain, 122(6), 1033-1047. [CrossRef]
Fromkin, V., & Rodman, R. (1989). An introduction to language. Sydney: Hold, Rinehart, and Winston.
Gazzaniga, M. S. (Director). (2003). Brain story [Motion picture 4]. Jakarta: P. T. Intermedia Prima Vision.
Greenfield, S. (2003). Brain story. London: BBC Worldwide.
Harpaz, Y. (2006). Hemispheric interdependence. Retrieved July 24, 2007, from http://www.human brain.org
Hernowo, (2002). Mengikat makna: Mengubah paradigma membaca dan menulis secara radikal. (Binding meaning: Changing reading and writing paradigm radically). Bandung: Kaifa.
Hotz, R. L. (2007). Brain language function. Retrieved March, 24, 2007, from http://www.talkingpage.org/artic008.html
Knecht, S., Floel, A., Drager, B., Breitenstein, C., Sommer, J., Henningsen, H., & et al. (2002). Degree of language lateralization determines susceptibility to unilateral brain lesions. Nature Neuroscience, 5, 695-699.
Padji. (2003). Boosting children’s brain skills. Bandung: Pionir Jaya.
Rose, C., & Nicholl, M. J. (2002). Cara belajar cepat abad XXI. (Accelerated learning for the 21st century). (D. Ahimsa, Trans.). London: Judy Piatkus.
Steinberg, D. D., Nagata, H., & Aline, D. P. (2001). Psycholinguistics. Malaysia: Pearson Education.
Szaflarski, J. P. (2004). Language center of brain shifts with age. Retrieved March, 24, 2007, from http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2004/04/ 040428062634. html.
Taylor, I. (1990). Psycholinguistics: Learning and using language. New Jersey: Prentice-Hall International.
Vaid, J., & Hall, D. G. (1991). Neuropsychological perspectives on bilingualism: Right, left, and center. In Reynolds (Ed.), Bilingualism, multiculturalism and second language learning (pp. 81-112). New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Wiersma, W. (1991). Research methods in education (5th ed.). USA: Allyn and Bacon.